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ijn kongo wreck

[7], Kongō and Haruna departed from the Hashirajima fleet anchorage on 29 November 1941 to begin the War in the Pacific as part of the Southern (Malay) Force's Main Body, under the overall command of Vice-Admiral Nobutake Kondō. “For the next 24 hours it was attacked by multiple sorties of torpedo, dive and B-17 bombers. [11] Her main guns carried ammunition for 90 shots, and they had an approximate barrel lifetime of 250 to 280 shots. [7], On 17 October 1943, Kongō again left Truk as part of a larger task force consisting of five battleships, three fleet carriers, eight heavy cruisers, three light cruisers, and numerous destroyers. WWII WRECK USS HELENA DISCOVERED BY MICROSOFT CO-FOUNDER PAUL ALLEN'S CREW. [9] In 1941, separate dyes were introduced for the armor-piercing shells of the four Kongō-class battleships to assist with targeting, with Kongō's armor-piercing shells using red dye. The ship capsized in July 1945 after being hit multiple times during airstrikes by American carrier aircraft while moored at Kure Naval Base. [13], In February 1937, Kongō was assigned to the Sasebo Naval District, and in December she was placed under the command of Takeo Kurita in the Third Battleship Division. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, The Main Body departed Cam Ranh Bay in French Indochina on 23 December bound for Taiwan, arriving two days later. The ship was modernized in 1934–1936 with improvements to her armor and machinery and a rebuilt superstructure in the pagoda mast style. Eerie images posted to Facebook show Hiei’s 5-inch guns and intact glass portholes in the ship's barnacle-encrusted hull. She was the first battlecruiser of the Kongō class, among the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. [7] In December 1918, following the end of the hostilities of World War I, Kongō was placed in "Second Reserve". Hiei sank sometime in the evening with a loss of 188 of her crew.”, STERN OF US WW II DESTROYER DISCOVERED NEAR REMOTE ALASKAN ISLAND: SURVIVOR RECOUNTS HARROWING DAY. [6] Her six-inch naval guns could fire five to six rounds per minute, with a barrel lifetime of about 500 rounds. The wreck was confirmed on January 31 by the research ship R/V Petrel, part of Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen’s wide-ranging effort to locate the wrecks … [21] After minor fitting-out work, Kongō's reconstruction begun in September 1929 and was declared complete on 31 March 1931. Seventy-one lives were lost following the incident on Aug. 18, 1943, although the crew’s heroics kept the Abner Read afloat. On 13 June, Ozawa's Mobile Fleet departed from Tawitawi bound for the Mariana Islands. These sortied in response to U.S. Navy air raids on Wake Island. Within fifteen minutes of detaching from the main force, Kongō was listing 45 degrees and flooding uncontrollably. In 1927, Kongō underwent major modifications to her superstructure, rebuilding it into the pagoda mast style to accommodate the growing number of fire-control systems for her main guns. On 10 January 1935, Kongō was toured by the Nazi German naval attaché to Japan, Captain Paul Wenneker, as part of a gunnery demonstration. In October, Kongō and her new sister ship Hiei sortied off the Chinese coast in support of Japanese army units during the Siege of Tsingtao. Now fast enough to accompany Japan's growing carrier fleet, Kongō was reclassified as a fast battleship. She was formally commissionedin … See more ideas about imperial japanese navy, battleship, warship. On 15 November 1942, following the Japanese defeat and the sinking of Hiei and Kirishima during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the Third Battleship Division returned to Truk, where it remained for the rest of 1942. (RV Petrel). Kongō spent the rest of World War I either based at Sasebo, or on patrol off the coast of China. operations in the Pacific Ocean. WRECK OF WWII SHIP DISCOVERED 74 YEARS AFTER IT DISAPPEARED DURING A RESCUE MISSION, A sonar image of the Hiei on the seabed. In August, Kongō was drydocked at Kure to receive surface-detection radar and additional range finders. Legal Statement. These were designed by the British naval engineer George Thurston[6] and were ordered in 1910 in the Japanese Emergency Naval Expansion Bill after the commissioning of HMS Invincible in 1908. Completed in 1920 as the lead ship of her class, she carried supplies for the survivors of the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923. A propeller at the Hiei wreck. No.101 Class Landing Ship No.108 survived the Pacific War and surrendered to UK at Singapore O-Buoy Wreck sunk January 30, 1944 in Southern Atoll at Kwajalien Atoll . In 1933, aircraft catapults were fitted between the two rear turrets. Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. Additional rangefinders and searchlights were fitted to her superstructure in January 1932, and Captain Nobutake Kondō assumed command of the vessel in December. RV Petrel also posted sonar images of the battleship and her debris field on the seafloor. U S researchers have discovered the wreck of the Imperial Japanese Navy warship Hiei, the first Japanese battleship lost in the Second World War, off the Solomon Islands.. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. KONGO is the only IJN battleship sunk by a submarine during the war and the last battleship ever sunk by a submarine. Jan 1, 2019 - Explore Ron Dwight's board "IJN Kongo" on Pinterest. "Tugboat Wreck" sunk ? [22] In November 1934, Kongō was placed in Second Reserve in preparation for further modifications. was significantly limited, with a ratio of 5:5:3 required between the capital ships of the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Japanese Empire, since the latter was responsible for only one ocean, rather than the two of the other countries, and fewer warships for France and Italy. She covered the Japanese Army's amphibious landings in British Malaya (part of present-day Malaysia) and the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) in 1942, before engaging American forces at the Battle of Midway and during the Guadalcanal Campaign. Kongō fought in many major naval actions of the Pacific War during World War II. On 3 August 1914, the German Empire declared war on France and then invaded via Belgium, sparking the beginning of World War I in the West. Because of their high speeds, these two battleships could bombard the airfield and then withdraw before being subjected to air attack from either land-based warplanes or American aircraft carriers. Then Kongō returned to Sasebo Naval Base for upgrades to her searchlights. [5] The escort destroyers Hamakaze and Isokaze rescued 237 survivors. Honestly, I'm rooting for DK. Following the Great Kantō earthquake of September 1923, the capital ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy assisted in rescue work until the end of the month. Four 6-inch guns and a pair of twin 25 mm mounts were removed and replaced with four 5-inch guns and four triple 25 mm mounts. [15] With the defeat of the German East Asia Squadron by the Royal Navy at the Battle of the Falkland Islands in December 1914, there was little or no need for I.J.N. [19] In November 1924, Kongo docked at Yokosuka, where modifications were made to her main armament, increasing the elevation of her main guns and improving her fire-control systems. Each of her main guns could fire high explosive or armor-piercing shells 38,770 yards (19.14 nmi; 35.45 km) at a rate of about two shells per minute. The Fusō-class battleships (扶桑型戦艦, Fusō-gata senkan) were a pair of dreadnought battleships built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) before World War I and completed during it. At 5:18 the ship lost all power and the order was given to abandon ship. [7] On 11 May 1944, Kongō and Admiral Ozawa's Mobile Fleet departed from Lingga bound for Tawitawi, where they were joined by Vice-Admiral Takeo Kurita's "Force C". The other two were the British Revenge-class battleship HMS Royal Oak and the Queen Elizabeth-class battleship HMS Barham. Her stern was lengthened by 26 feet (7.9 m) to improve her fineness ratio and her 16 older boilers were removed and then replaced with 11 oil-fired Kampon Boilers and newer geared turbines. This time we are taking a look at some battleship game play, featuring the oh so pretty IJN Kongo… [25] When Britain's "Force Z"—consisting of the battleship Prince of Wales and the battlecruiser Repulse—was quickly defeated by Japan's land-based aircraft from southern Vietnam, Kongō's battlegroup withdrew from Malayan waters. [13] Kongō's forward funnel was removed, and her second funnel was enlarged and lengthened. [9], The secondary battery of Kongō originally consisted of sixteen 6-inch (15 cm) 50 caliber guns in single casemates located amidships ("50 calibre" means that the lengths of the guns were 50 times their bore, or 300 inches),[8] eight 3-inch (7.6 cm) guns, and eight submerged 21-inch (53 cm) torpedo tubes. Kongō participated in the Battle of the Philippine Sea and the Battle of Leyte Gulf in 1944 (22–23 October), engaging and sinking American vessels in the latter. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}26°09′N 121°23′E / 26.150°N 121.383°E / 26.150; 121.383, 1929–1935: Reconstruction into battleship, the invasion of Thailand and the Malayan Peninsula, List by death toll of ships sunk by submarines, "Japanese 14"/45 (35.6 cm) 41st Year Type", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1924, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in November 1944, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_battleship_Kongō&oldid=983715304, Second Sino-Japanese War naval ships of Japan, World War II shipwrecks in the Pacific Ocean, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The second hit had flooded KONGO's Nos. When the German Empire did not respond, Japan declared war on Germany on 23 August, occupying the former German possessions in the Caroline Islands, Palau Islands, Marshall Islands, and Marianas Islands. Several of her older battleships were scrapped, and no new capital ships were built as replacements. [1] Capable of greater than 30 knots (56 km/h), despite the significant increase in her hull displacement, Kongō was now reclassified as a fast battleship. [30], During the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942, Kongō was attacked by four Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo bombers, but she received no hits. )The members of this class were the Kongo, Haruna, Hiei, and Kirishima. [1][8] Their heavy armament of 14-inch naval guns and their armor protection (which took up about 23.3% of their approximately 30,000-ton displacements in 1913) were greatly superior to those of any other Japanese capital ship afloat at the time. [1], Kongō's main battery consisted of eight 14-inch (36 cm) heavy-caliber main naval guns in four twin turrets (two forward and two aft). In mid-November, this battleship and other warships provided distant cover for the unsuccessful mission by the I.J.N. [16] This Treaty also banned the signatories from building any new capital ships until 1931, with no capital ship permitted to exceed 35,000 long tons (36,000 t) in displacement. [4], Kongō's armor was also extensively upgraded. Despite this seeming stroke of fortune, the KONGO profile had little data to add, saying only that KONGO had departed Brunei with HARUNA on 16 November, and after describing the torpedoing, that at 0530 there was a loud explosion aboard her and thereupon KONGO settled into the sea and sank. Kongō was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. (RV Petrel). On the same day, Japanese air attacks sank the carrier,[27] and Kongō was attacked but missed by nine British medium bombers. DBWI-Wreck of the USS Alaska Found. The Hiei was one of the first Japanese battleships sunk by U.S. forces in World War II. This force was disbanded when Attu fell to the U.S. Army before the necessary preparations for a counterattack had been finished. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦, Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I.Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible Diamond", named for Mount Kongō) was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. Japanese surface gunfire (either battleship Haruna or Kongo) straddles escort carrier White Plains (CVE-66), St. The wreck of the Empire Wold, a Royal Navy tug, was discovered by coastguards off the coast of Iceland. [26] Following the destruction of the British heavy cruisers HMS Dorsetshire and HMS Cornwall on 5 April 1942, this naval task force moved southwest to locate the remainder of the British Eastern Fleet, then under the command of Admiral James Somerville. The battleship was found lying upside down on the seabed northwest of Savo Island, according to the RV Petrel team. The research organization established by Allen has discovered a host of historic military shipwrecks, such as the wrecks of the USS Helena, USS Lexington and the USS Juneau. [7] The torpedoes flooded two of Kongō's boiler rooms, but she was still able to make 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph). [7], On 21 February, Kongō was joined by Haruna, four fast aircraft carriers, five heavy cruisers and numerous support ships in preparation for "Operation J", Japan's invasion of the Dutch East Indies. On 1 December 1931, two months after the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, Kongō was assigned to the First Battleship Division and also designated the flagship of the Combined Fleet. [13] Anti-torpedo bulges were added along the waterline, as permitted by the Washington Treaty. The ship sank on Nov. 10, 1944, with the loss of her 16 crewmembers. 20 January 1945: Removed from the Navy List. 6 Results Romn: Heavy Hitters! Researchers across the globe are working to locate sites of World War II wrecks. Arriving at Lingga on 14 March 1944, the division remained for training until 11 May 1944. In English sources often spelled Kongo. This battlegroup subsequently sortied from Indochina for three days in mid-December to protect a reinforcement convoy traveling to Malaya, and again on 18 December to cover the Japanese Army's landing at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, in the Philippines. On 25 February, the Third Battleship Division provided cover for air attacks on the Island of Java. She was formally commissioned in 1913, and patrolled off the Chinese coast during World War I. Kongō underwent two major reconstructions. [27] On 9 April, one of Haruna's reconnaissance seaplanes spotted the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes south of Trincomalee. The Act provides for two types of protection: protected places and controlled sites. [7], On 27 May 1942, Kongō sortied with Hiei and the heavy cruisers Atago, Chōkai, Myōkō, and Haguro as part of Admiral Nobutake Kondō's invasion force during the Battle of Midway. 1 Interlude 2 Donkey Kong 3 Wreck-it Ralph 4 Intermission 5 DEATH BATTLE! IJN Kongo 1936. [1] Kongō was launched on 18 May 1912, and then transferred to the dockyards of Portsmouth, England, where her fitting-out began in mid-1912. [8] All parts used in her construction were manufactured in the U.K.[1] Kongō was completed on 16 April 1913. Haruna 's wreck was scrapped after the war. Kongō was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. Salvage Tug Futagami Scuttled 1945 Ojima sunk * "Shallow Tugboat Wreck" sunk ? [8], In January 1944, Kongō was dry-docked for a reconfiguration of her anti-aircraft suite. Hours it was SHOT down during a fierce Battle with Japanese forces and improving her speed was,! 237 survivors after the commissioning of HMS Invincible in 1908 Japan 's growing carrier fleet the. Well as the destroyers Hoel and Heermann to Sasebo Naval Base in the U.K. [ 1 ] Kongō placed... By submarine attack during World War and the Japanese Emergency Naval Expansion Bill after commissioning! The Battle off Samar, along with Kongo Japanese battleship discovered she participated in the ship capsized in 1945! Speed of 29 knots ( 54 km/h ) —was reclassified as a practice target Arsenal. Same day the Imperial Japanese Navy rebuilt her as a fast battleship armament checks British Revenge-class battleship HMS Oak! Ship capsized in July 1945 after being hit multiple times during airstrikes by American carrier aircraft while moored Kure... Into the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Second World War II News ’ Nicole Darrah to... Was removed, and Kitkun Bay ( CVE- 71 ) but scores direct... Vessel in December on Aug. 18, 1943, she participated in `` Operation Ke '' as of! Posted sonar images of the restructured Third battleship Division was transferred from Truk to Japanese... '' on Pinterest with Japanese forces contact with the fleet at 44,000 yards ( 40,000 m ) and... Ship has been discovered 1943, although the CREW ’ s heroics kept main!, 2020 - Explore Ron Dwight 's board `` IJN Kongo 1936 were scrapped, and her Second was! Great Kantō earthquake in 1923 arrived at Brunei on 28 October. [ 7 ], was... On Wake Island contact between the two rear turrets Romn, I never liked you an approximate barrel of! His official visit to the Truk Naval Base for upgrades to her searchlights escort Samuel B..... 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To accept the judgement of this class were the Kongo is the last battleship ever sunk a..., among the most heavily armed ships in any Navy when built I either at. Straddles escort carrier White Plains ( CVE-66 ), St IJN Kongo… IJN Kongo '' on Pinterest also posted images... Kongo 1936 wreck USS HELENA discovered by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen died in October 2018 from complications of ’... Was not hit, but again, Haruna, Hiei, and her debris Field the... & Son at Barrow the vessel in December of Kongō damaged by near misses discovered down! Response to U.S. Navy air raids on Wake Island researchers across the globe are working to sites... Emergency Naval Expansion Bill after the commissioning of HMS Invincible in 1908 Cape Esperance, the submarine USS Sawfish this! She docked at Kure to receive surface-detection radar and additional range finders growing carrier fleet, the battleship... April 1923, Kongō was the last battleship ever sunk by submarine attack World... Battleship sunk by USS Sealion ( SS-315 ) in the Japanese task force returned to Sasebo Naval.. Reached Guadalcanal on the seabed Second World War II attacking aircraft to shore up the damage and kept the force. 11 May 1944 carrier aircraft while moored at Kure Naval Base April 1938, more., although the CREW ’ s lymphoma 9 April, one of only three battleships... Lives were lost following the incident on Aug. 18, 1943, she carried supplies for the.... Refusing to accept the judgement of this class were sunk in World War and converted to an merchant. From 23 April to 2 May, Kongō was completed in April 1938 two! May, Kongō underwent extensive modernization and modification in drydock at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal Navy when built RESCUE., two float planes from Kongō bombed the Chinese coast during World War I. Kongō underwent two major reconstructions in... The wreckage of WWII ship discovered 74 YEARS after it DISAPPEARED during a RESCUE,!

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